Roswell, I looked again, at the Air Force’s ultimate answer for the UFO
crash, which had written off as a balloon array from the “highly classified” Project
Mogul. The Air Force, in their investigation, had eliminated all possible
terrestrial answers, as civilian UFO researchers had done in the years before
the Air Force entered the arena. We knew, based on our research, that there had
been no aircraft accidents, civilian, military or experimental. There were no
stray rockets or missiles from the White Sands Proving Ground and nothing
associated with the 509th Bomb Group that would account for the
debris. There was no sort of nuclear accident that would have accounted for the
high level of security testified to by the witnesses, both military and
civilian. Had there been some sort of highly classified project in play, that
would have explained the security, but since all that happened seventy-five
years ago, there would be no legitimate reason for the secret to be kept in
This means that all of
us, military, civilian, interested and uninterested, reached the same basic
conclusion about what had fallen near tiny Corona, New Mexico, in July 1947. We
all agreed that something had fallen. It was the identify of object that had
left the debris scattered over about three quarters of a mile of pasture land
in the high desert that was the question.
The lone exception to
this was the classified balloon project code named “Mogul.” According to the
Air Force investigation, this program, designed to place a constant level
balloon in the upper atmosphere allowing American scientists and intelligence
officers to listen for atomic detonations in the Soviet Union, left the debris.
This was the reason for the high-level of security because no one in
Washington, D.C., or the Pentagon for that matter, wanted the Soviets to know
that we were listening for their atomic bomb testing.
While this would
explain the classification of the ultimate purpose, that did not cover the
experiments in Alamogordo, New Mexico, that began in June, 1947. The activities
there, known to those who participated in them as the New York University
balloon project, were not classified, and, in fact, information about those
activities was printed in newspapers around the United States on July 10, 1947.
This negates the claim of high security in New Mexico and the reason for the
There are other aspects
to this. According to the testimony of Phyllis McGuire, the teenaged daughter
of Chaves County, New Mexico, Sheriff George Wilcox, when rancher Mack Brazel
appeared in the Roswell office, she was there. The Wilcox family lived above
the sheriff’s office. She reported that Brazel told the sheriff about the
strange metal debris that he had found in one of the fields on the ranch he
managed. More importantly, she mentioned that Brazel had brought samples of the
debris with him.
While there are those
who would suggest that the teenaged daughter revealing this decades later might
not be the most reliable of sources, there is corroboration for this. General Thomas
DuBose, the Chief of Staff for the Eighth Air Force in Fort Worth in 1947,
interview by Don Schmitt and others, said that strange metallic debris discovered
by Brazel, was sent by special flight to Fort Worth.
According to DuBose, the
debris was taken to Fort Worth “two or three days earlier,” meaning, of course
two or three days prior to the July 8 announcement that a “flying saucer” had
been captured. It was DuBose who had alerted those in Washington that something
had been found and it was DuBose who received orders from Major General
Clements McMullen to bring a sample of that debris to Washington, sometime on
Sunday, July 6.
|BG Thomas Dubose|
In a recorded interview,
DuBose said, “He [McMullen] called me and said that I was, there was some talk
of some elements that had been found on the ground outside Roswell, New Mexico.
That the debris or elements were to be placed in a suitable container, and
Blanchard was to see that they were delivered… and [Colonel] Al Clark… would
pick them up and hand deliver them to McMullen in Washington. Nobody, and I
must stress this, no one was to discuss it with their wives, me with Ramey,
DuBose then called
Blanchard and relayed the instructions to him. At that moment, the samples of
the debris that Brazel had taken to the Chaves County Sheriff’s Office, and
mentioned by Phyllis McGuire, were taken, under orders from Blanchard to the
Roswell Army Air Field and eventually on to Fort Worth.
All this suggests that
the officers at the Roswell Army Air Field were unable to identify the material
as the remains of a weather balloon and a rawin radar target. There was nothing
special about the weather balloon that would have fooled anyone who had seen
Wilcox thought enough
of Brazel’s tale that he dispatched two deputies to the area of the crash.
Brazel gave them directions, but given the nature of the terrain, and the
distance from Roswell, the deputies failed to find the field, though they did
find a large, circular burned area to the north of town.
Wilcox, who was unable
to identify the debris, then called out to the Roswell Army Air Field to report
what the rancher had found. The call eventually reached Major Jesse A. Marcel,
Sr., the Air Intelligence Officer. He drove from the base to the sheriff’s
office where he met with Brazel and was shown the debris that Brazel had
brought with him.
Apparently, Marcel was
unable to identify the material and thought it strange enough that he should
investigate further. In consultation with the base commander, Colonel William
Blanchard, it was decided that Marcel should accompany Brazel back to the
ranch. Blanchard mentioned the base had just acquired a counterintelligence
office. He thought Marcel should take Captain Sheridan Cavitt, the officer in
charge of that office, out to the ranch.
Marcel, had returned to
the base, picked up Cavitt and then drove to the sheriff’s office. With Brazel
leading the way, the small convoy, Brazel in his pickup, Marcel in his Buick,
and Cavitt in a Jeep Carryall, arrived too late in the day to do much. They
spent the night in a small house, and according to Marcel, had a later supper
The next morning, Brazel,
Marcel and Cavitt made their way to the Debris Field. Marcel said that it was
about three-quarters of a mile long, and two to three hundred yards wide.
Cavitt would tell Air Force investigator, Colonel Richard Weaver in 1994, that
it was much smaller, no bigger than a large room in a house. More importantly,
Cavitt would tell Weaver that the moment he saw the material, he recognized it
as the remains of balloons. Weaver didn’t ask, and Cavitt didn’t explain, why
he had not told Marcel this, nor why he didn’t mention to Blanchard when he
returned to the base.
There is the other,
important problem. Cavitt didn’t explain why he had been fooled by the debris
in Roswell, but recognized it once he arrived on the ranch. Had the debris been
part of Project Mogul, which was made up of off-the-shelf weather balloons and
rawin radar targets, there is no reason for it to have fooled Brazel, Wilcox,
and Marcel. Had it been part of Project Mogul, and recognized as balloon
debris, there is no reason for the trip to the ranch and clean up wouldn’t have
been all that difficult.
is still another, important aspect to all this. The Project Mogul balloons were
launched from Alamogordo Army Air Field. Dr. Albert Crary, the man in charge of
the experiments in New Mexico, kept records of the launches, and that record of
his field notes, diary entries and final report are all available both online
and in the massive Air Force report on the Roswell case. Based on all that
data, we know that all Mogul flights prior to July 6, which is the date that
Brazel drove into Roswell, were accounted for with the exception of Flight No.
4, which had been scheduled for launch on June 3, but postponed until June 4. Another
attempt was made on the following morning. Crary’s entry for this attempt said:
June 4 Wed
Out to Tularosa Range and fired
charges between 00 and 06 this am. No balloon flight again on account of
clouds. Flew regular sonobuoy mike up in cluster of balloons and had good luck
on receiver on ground but poor on plane. Out with Thompson pm. Shot charges
1800 to 2400.
This provided the timing of the events in Alamogordo, and
because of the regulations under which they operated, they were forced to
cancel the flight. There is nothing ambiguous in the documentation. Flight No.
4 was cancelled. Later that morning, they flew a cluster of balloons with a
sonobuoy, but this wasn’t a full Mogul array and no evidence that the balloon
cluster ever left the Alamogordo area.
To take this one step further, an examination of the
documentation available in Crary’s notes, showed they weren’t using the rawin
radar targets at this stage of their research. Flight No. 5, which flew the next
day, June 5, did not have any radar targets on it, according to the
illustrations available in the final reports. If there were no rawin targets
attached to the flight, then where did the rawin originate that was displayed
in General Ramey’s office. And, if there were no rawin targets, then isn’t that
photograph taken in Ramey’s office evidence of a coverup?
There are pictures of an array being prepared that do show
the rawin radar targets as part of the assembly but that photograph was taken
on July 22, 1948, more than a year after the crash in Roswell. Another
photograph, published on July 10, 1947, shows the launch of the two balloons, with
but a single rawin target attached.
Here is where we are. The June 4, 1947, launch of Flight
No. 4, was cancelled according to the documentation. Later in the day, there
was the launch of a cluster of balloons, but this was not a full array. It was
made up of the already inflated balloons and a sonobuoy to test the radio
reception. There is no evidence that it left the Alamogordo area and no evidence
that it contained a rawin radar target. Without Flight No. 4, the explanation
of a Mogul balloon array accounting for the debris found by Mack Brazel, fails.
|An alleged Mogul array being prepared for flight. This one was launched more than a year after the
cancelled June 4, Mogul Flight No. 4.
|The date the photograph was taken, July 22, 1948.|
The documentation, provided in the various field notes,
diary entries, and other evidence, shows that rawin targets were not part of
the arrays being launched in New Mexico, and if there were no such targets,
then the balloon explanation fails at that point as well.
Although the Air Force claimed that Project Mogul was
highly classified and that would account for those in Roswell being unable to
identify the balloon is misleading. The ultimate purpose was classified, but
the work being done in New Mexico was not. The newspaper articles published on
July 10, 1947, proves this claim to be false.
With the elimination of the Mogul explanation, based on
the overwhelming evidence that Flight No. 4 was cancelled, there is no
terrestrial explanation for what fell on the Brazel managed ranch. Remember,
the Air Force eliminated all other mundane explanations before settling on
Mogul. There could be, somewhere, a super-secret project that would account for
the debris, but no one has identified it yet, and it is difficult to believe
that revelation of such a program would adversely affect national security in
the world today. Had there been such an explanation, the Air Force would have
used it years ago and the Roswell case would have been solved.
Until and unless, such a program or project is revealed
and it can be shown to have scattered the debris in New Mexico, the only
conclusion to be drawn is that whatever fell that day is unknown. To many, that
leads directly to the extraterrestrial. The lack of evidence for the
terrestrial does suggest something alien. Is sufficient to prove the case?
That’s left up to the individual but it the most logical explanation at the